Review(s)

English

80 (2) pp 95-104

Title: 
Oftalmologische spoedgevallen bij hond en kat (Dutch)
Author(s): 
G. STORMS, D. VERDONCK
Abstract: 
Paper in Dutch
Full text: 
pp 95-104
Review(s)

80 (2) pp 87-94

Title: 
Echografische voorspelling van de partusdatum bij de hond (Dutch)
Author(s): 
P.A. DE WISPELAERE, A. VAN SOOM, T. RIJSSELAERE, J.H. SAUNDERS
Abstract: 
Paper in Dutch
Full text: 
pp 87-94
Review(s)

80 (3) pp 223-232

Title: 
Diagnosis and treatment of tarsocrural osteochondrosis in the dog
Author(s): 
W. DINGEMANSE, I. GIELEN, H. VAN BREE
Abstract: 
Osteochondrosis is a pathological condition occurring in different joints. Besides the shoulder and elbow joint,the tarsal joint is the third most commonly affected joint (4-9%). The radiographic diagnosis is often difficult becausethe tarsus is a very complex joint. Computed tomographic examination provides more information about the exactnumber of fragments and the location of the lesion on the talar ridge. Minimally invasive surgery, such as arthroscopy,if necessary combined with mini-arthrotomy, results in a better long-term outcome than arthrotomy does.
Full text: 
pp 223-232
Review(s)

80 (3) pp 201-214

Title: 
Contraception in birds
Author(s): 
L. DE COOMAN, A. GARMYN, L. VAN WAEYENBERGHE, A. MARTEL
Abstract: 
Nowadays, contraceptives for birds are more en more used for the prevention of reproduction and for therapeuticreasons. In female animals, the indications for the use of contraceptives are abundant or chronic egglaying,eggbinding, dystocia, salpingitis, impaction of the salpinx, prolapse of the cloaca or salpinx, rupture of the salpinx,ovarian neoplasia or ovarian cysts. In male animals contraceptives are administered to obtain teaser males, to preventreproduction, to treat testicular neoplasia and to improve the carcass quality of poultry. For several years researchershave been studying these diseases, their treatment and prevention. This review includes the hormonal therapies aswell as the surgical and endoscopic contraceptive techniques. Furthermore, the reproductive anatomy andendocrinology of birds are described. In bird practices, the administration of chemical contraceptives as well as theperformance of surgical techniques and endoscopies are on the increase. Since specialization is increasing rapidlyin small animal practices, it can be expected that these procedures will become more frequent in the future.
Full text: 
pp 201-214
Review(s)

80 (3) pp 193-200

Title: 
Canine distemper virus
Author(s): 
A. DECLERCQ, S. MAES, K. CHIERS
Abstract: 
Canine distempervirus (CDV) belongs to the genus morbillivirus, family Paramyxoviridae. CDV is the causativeagent of a severe systemic disease in dogs characterized by fever, immunosuppression, pneumonia, enteritis andneurologic signs. There are several diagnostic tools, pre and post mortal, for identifying CDV. Vaccination has ledto a decrease in the incidence of CDV-related disease in canine populations in our regions. Nevertheless, in the pastfew years, several episodes of CDV in vaccinated animals have been reported. This article gives a review of theagent, epidemiology, pathogenesis, injuries, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and prevention of caninedistemper virus in dogs.
Full text: 
pp 193-200
Review(s)

80 (5) pp 327-338

Title: 
Dysplastic elbow diseases in dogs
Author(s): 
Y. SAMOY, I. GIELEN, H. VAN BREE, B. VAN RYSSEN
Abstract: 
Elbow dysplasia (ED) is a term used to describe the most common causes of elbow lameness. The term refersto ununited anconeal process (UAP), fragmented coronoid process (FCP), osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) andelbow incongruity, according to the International Elbow Working Group (IEWG). All conditions are polygeneticand multifactorial diseases that often occur in young, popular breeds. Elbow incongruity has been suggestedas a causative factor in most of these pathologies.The aim of this review was to describe the etiology and clinical appearance on radiography, computedtomography (CT) and arthroscopy, together with their treatment options and prognosis.
Full text: 
pp 327-338
Review(s)

80 (5) pp 319-326

Title: 
Canine Angiostrongylus vasorum
Author(s): 
I. MOEREMANS, D. BINST, E. CLAEREBOUT, I. VAN DE MAELE, S. DAMINET
Abstract: 
The French heartworm Angiostrongylus vasorum is a parasitic nematode that lives in the pulmonary vesselsand the heart of canids. Transmission occurs through ingestion of infected intermediate hosts, such as snailsand slugs. There are increasing reports of autochthonous infections in our neighbouring countries. Clinicalsigns usually relate to the respiratory system, coagulopathy and the neurologic system. Anorexia,gastrointestinal dysfunction and weight loss are also frequently observed. Diagnosis is not straightforward, butabnormalities detected by thoracic radiography, echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) orcomputed tomography (CT) scan can be helpful. Eosinophilia, regenerative anemia and thrombocytopeniawith or without abnormalities in the coagulation profile can occur. Definitive diagnosis is made bydemonstrating the parasite in the cerebrospinal fluid, in faeces (Baermann technique) and/or in bronchoalveolarlavage fluid. Treatment consists of anthelmintic drugs and supportive care if necessary.
Full text: 
pp 319-326
Review(s)

81 (2) pp 71-80

Title: 
Are modern dairy cows suffering from modern diseases?
Author(s): 
J. DE KOSTER, G. OPSOMER
Abstract: 
Overconditioning at calving is one of the most important risk factors for modern dairy cows to develop diverse health problems during the transition period. Currently, the metabolic syndrome gains much attention in human medicine. Research shows that the adipose tissue itself plays a crucial role in the increased susceptibility of obese people to a range of health problems, with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus as the most important problems. The purpose of the present paper is to describe the human metabolic syndrome and the fat cow syndrome with emphasis on both the similarities and differences. It may lead to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of the fat cow syndrome, giving rise to innovative insights into how to improve the management of modern dairy cows in the transition period.
Full text: 
pp 71-80
Review(s)

81 (2) pp 63-70

Title: 
Some bottlenecks in aquaculture: risky aspects of early life stages of fish
Author(s): 
B. VERHAEGEN, A. REKECKI, A. DECOSTERE, W. VAN DEN BROECK
Abstract: 
Aquaculture is a fast growing sector. However, during larviculture and fish husbandry, many bottlenecks stilloccur. Many problems concern nutritional factors and can be avoided by a clear understanding of the developmentof the gastrointestinal system of the various fish species. Parameters, such as enterocyte height, the presence of enterocyticsupranuclear vacuoles and ‘the point of no return’, can be used to monitor and prevent food deprivation.This information can also be used to compose a feeding regime with rotifers, Artemia en copepods.
Full text: 
pp 63-70
Review(s)

81 (3) pp 138-148

Title: 
Subaortic stenosis in the Newfoundland: heredity, pathophysiology, diagnosis, prognosis and breeding advice
Author(s): 
K. CAESTECKER, L. PEELMAN, V. BAVEGEMS
Abstract: 
Subaortic stenosis is a narrowing of the left ventricular outflow tract just below the aortic valve, and is one ofthe most diagnosed congenital inherited heart diseases in the Newfoundland. The classification of subaortic stenosisis based on the lesions or the findings on echocardiography. Although the mode of inheritance is uncertain, a dominanttrait with variable penetrance is generally accepted. The Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor oncogene is, togetherwith the Ptpn11-gene, a possible candidate gene to be involved in this disease. The diagnosis is particulary based onauscultation and echocardiography. The prognosis is variable and breeding advice is based on echocardiographicscreening at the age of eighteen months; however, it remains a difficult issue.
Full text: 
pp 138-148
Review(s)

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