86 (3) pp 148

Title: 
Diagnostic approach of the cryptorchid stallion
Author(s): 
L. DE LANGE, K. ROELS, C. VERVERS, M. VAN DE VELDE, P. CORTY, J. GOVAERE
Abstract: 

The diagnosis of cryptorchidism in horses is often a challenge. Based on the history, clinicaland rectal examinations and ultrasonography, a definitive diagnosis is not always possible. Variousendocrinological diagnostic assays, such as the determination of testosterone, androstenedione,estrogens, urinary steroids and the anti-Müllerian hormone, which demonstrate the presence oftesticular tissue, have been described. These tests all have their advantages and disadvantages, whichare discussed in this article in order to help practitioners in the field.

Full text: 
pp 148-154
Review(s)