85 (2) pg 63

Title: 
Food allergy: a torment for humans and animals
Author(s): 
S. JANSSENS, S. DUPONT, M. HESTA
Abstract: 

Food allergy is a common problem in both pets and humans. In veterinary medicine, food allergyis frequently diagnosed in dogs. Various food components, such as meat, eggs and milk,are described as allergens in dogs, and cross-reactivity is often seen between different allergens.In humans, peanuts, tree nuts and cow’s milk are known as most common antigens.Symptoms vary in both dogs and humans from skin problems to gastrointestinal symptoms.The best way to diagnose food allergy in dogs is by means of a test diet, consisting of two phases:elimination and provocation. Other tests, such as the intradermal skin test, serology, the basophil degranulationtest and gastroscopic food sensitivity test are also available. However, these tests oftengive unreliable results. The treatment of food allergy is based on the elimination of the allergen in thediet. This may optionally be supplemented by the administration of drugs, such as corticosteroids andantihistamines.

Full text: 
pp 063-070
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