74 (3) 193-204

Title: 
Diagnosis of brain tumors in dogs and cats: a review of the literature
Author(s): 
S. VAN MEERVENNE, H. VAN BREE, L. VAN HAM
Abstract: 

Primary brain tumors are the most common intracranial tumors in the dog. An incidence of 14.5 in 100 000 for dogs and 3.5 in 100 000 for cats has been suggested. At present the prevalence is estimated to be higher because of better diagnostic methods. These methods will be discussed in the present article. On the basis of the signalment, history and a complete physical and neurological examination, the presence of a brain lesion can be suspected. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis and X-ray examinations can be suggestive of a brain neoplasia, but computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are necessary to confirm the presence of an intracranial mass. The use of ultrasonography and scintigraphy are rather anecdotal diagnostic procedures, not commonly used in small animal neurology. A crucial step in obtaining a definitive diagnosis is the taking of a biopsy sample of the intracranial mass, preferably by a stereotactic CT-guided method.

Full text: 
pp 193-204
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