71 (5) 348-355

B. Catry, J.L.J. Govaere, L. Devriese, H. Laevens, F. Haesebrouck, A. de Kruif

Eighty tracheal washings were collected from 80 untreated calves of 28 herds in Flanders, suffering from acute respiratory distress. Thirty-five (44%) of the samples were bacteriologically positive. Identification of the strains resulted mainly in Pasteurella multocida (68%). Other bacteria were Mycoplasma bovirhinis (14%), Mannheimia haemolytica (11%), Mycoplasma bovis (11%), Haemophilus somnus (3%), and α-hemolytic streptococci (3%). In 14 % of the positive samples more than one pathogen was isolated. Mostly Mycoplasma spp. were involved. Antimicrobial resistance patterns of the strains identified as Pasteurella multocida (n = 24; 14 farms) revealed 100% susceptibility for amoxicillin+clavulanate, enrofloxacine, ceftiofur and florfenicol, 96% susceptibility for tetracycline and ampicillin, and 92 % susceptibility for the combination trimethoprim/sulphonamides. In one strain only (4%) resistance against two antimicrobials was found. In contrast with surveys in neighbouring countries, the prevalence of Pasteurella multocida in bovine respiratory disease was high in Belgium and antimicrobial resistance was low. Possibly, these differences can be explained partially by the fact that in the neighbouring countries necropsy strains prevailed in the collections studied.

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