2012 - 81 (2)

Volume 81 (2012), nr. 2

81 (2) pp 71-80

Title: 
Are modern dairy cows suffering from modern diseases?
Author(s): 
J. DE KOSTER, G. OPSOMER
Abstract: 
Overconditioning at calving is one of the most important risk factors for modern dairy cows to develop diverse health problems during the transition period. Currently, the metabolic syndrome gains much attention in human medicine. Research shows that the adipose tissue itself plays a crucial role in the increased susceptibility of obese people to a range of health problems, with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus as the most important problems. The purpose of the present paper is to describe the human metabolic syndrome and the fat cow syndrome with emphasis on both the similarities and differences. It may lead to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of the fat cow syndrome, giving rise to innovative insights into how to improve the management of modern dairy cows in the transition period.
Full text: 
pp 71-80
Review(s)

81 (2) pp 111-113

Full text: 
pp 111-113
Question and answer

81 (2) pp 102-110

Title: 
Differentiaaldiagnose van schouderkreupelheid bij de hond
Author(s): 
B. VAN RYSSEN
Abstract: 
Article in Dutch, no abstract in English
Full text: 
pp 102-110
Continuing professional development

81 (2) pp 98-101

Title: 
An alternative for one lung ventilation in an adult horse requiring thoracotomy
Author(s): 
M. GOZALO-MARCILLA, S. SCHAUVLIEGE, S. TORFS, M. JORDANA, A. MARTENS, F. GASTHUYS
Abstract: 
In order to provide one lung ventilation in an anesthetized adult horse undergoing thoracoscopy andexploratory thoracotomy, an alternative to the described techniques was developed using a homemadeendobronchial blocker construction. An orifice (with a diameter of 1 cm) was made 15 cm distally to the proximalend of a standard 28 mm ID endotracheal tube (ETT) allowing the placement of a standard broncho-alveolarcatheter. The adapted ETT was advanced up to the larynx in the anesthetized horse. Prior to the intubation ofthe trachea, the broncho-alveolar catheter was passed through the ETT and positioned into the left main bronchusunder endoscopic guidance. If it would have been required, the cuff of the broncho-alveolar catheter could havebeen inflated, allowing OLV. However, one lung ventilation was not required during the surgical procedure.
Full text: 
pp 98-101
Case report(s)

81 (2) pp 93-97

Title: 
Tongue and tail necrosis in an atypical case of acute steroid responsive meningitis-arteritis in a dog
Author(s): 
S.A.E. VAN MEERVENNE, J. DECLERCQ, A. TIPOLD, K. CHIERS, I. VAN SOENS, B. VAN GOETHEM, L.M.L. VAN HAM
Abstract: 
Acute steroid responsive meningitis-arteritis (SRMA) is a common neurological disorder in young dogs.Typical clinical symptoms of the acute form of SRMA are neck pain, depression and fever. This case reportdescribes a 1.5-year-old Pointer with uncommon neurological deficits (unilateral multiple cranial nerve deficitsand Horner’s syndrome) and an exceptional necrosis of the tongue. This was believed to be part of the systemicvasculitis accompanying SRMA. The patient also developed tail necrosis and iatrogenic calcinosis cutis, whichcomplicated further treatment of the dog.
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pp 93-97
Case report(s)

81 (2) pp 88-92

Title: 
Medial compartment disease in a young Large Munsterlander
Author(s): 
E. COPPIETERS, Y. SAMOY, P. PEY, T. WAELBERS, B. VAN RYSSEN
Abstract: 
Medial compartment disease (MCD) is a recently recognized elbow disorder in dogs and refers to extensivecartilage erosions of the medial compartment of the elbow joint. This report describes a case of MCD in a 10-month-old Large Munsterlander that was presented with right frontleg lameness. Based on signalement,history and radiographic examination, there was a strong suspicion of a fragmented coronoid process (FCP)of the right elbow. However, arthroscopic examination revealed extensive cartilage erosions of the medial partof the humeral condyle and the medial coronoid process in addition to a small coronoid fragment (FCP) anda small OCD-like lesion. After the arthroscopic treatment, the dog did not improve. Neither did additionaltreatment with autologous conditioned plasma (Arthrex ACP®) lead to a substantial improvement. Finally, thedog was euthanized because of persistent lameness.
Full text: 
pp 88-92
Case report(s)

81 (2) pp 81-87

Title: 
A distemper outbreak in beech martens (Martes foina) in Flanders
Author(s): 
P. TAVERNIER, K. BAERT, M. VAN DE BILDT, T. KUIKEN, A. CAY, S. MAES, S. ROELS, J. GOUWY, K. VAN DEN BERGE
Abstract: 
An outbreak of distemper was observed in beech martens (Martes foina) in the eastern part of Flanders(Belgium) for the first time. The clinical and pathological findings were consistent with other outbreaks describedin mustelids in Europe. Using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, morbillivirus RNAwas detected in an organ homogenate inoculated on Vero.dogSLAM cells. The virus was sequenced and wasidentified as a canine distemper virus (CDV) strain, hundred percent identical to an earlier isolate from amarten from Germany. After a period of nearly complete absence of beech martens in Flanders due to intensiveprosecution, their population density has increased substantially in the last decennia. Although the exactmechanisms behind the observed population changes stay unclear, spread of CDV from central Europe followingdispersion of beech martens is indicated by our findings. Further CDV spread could negatively impacton the highly threatened pine marten (Martes martes) and the decreasing polecat (Mustela putorius) populationsin Flanders.
Full text: 
pp 81-87
Original article(s)

81 (2) pp 63-70

Title: 
Some bottlenecks in aquaculture: risky aspects of early life stages of fish
Author(s): 
B. VERHAEGEN, A. REKECKI, A. DECOSTERE, W. VAN DEN BROECK
Abstract: 
Aquaculture is a fast growing sector. However, during larviculture and fish husbandry, many bottlenecks stilloccur. Many problems concern nutritional factors and can be avoided by a clear understanding of the developmentof the gastrointestinal system of the various fish species. Parameters, such as enterocyte height, the presence of enterocyticsupranuclear vacuoles and ‘the point of no return’, can be used to monitor and prevent food deprivation.This information can also be used to compose a feeding regime with rotifers, Artemia en copepods.
Full text: 
pp 63-70
Review(s)