2012 - 81 (1)

Volume 81 (2012), nr. 1

81 (1) pp 32-37

Title: 
Hyperestrogenism in a female Chihuahua puppy
Author(s): 
J. DE LOOR, A. VAN SOOM
Abstract: 
A female intact Chihuahua pup was presented at the age of four months with complaints of vulvar swelling andprecocious sexual behaviour. Both complaints started to develop at the age of 9-10 weeks. During clinicalexamination, inspection revealed swollen mammary glands. The differential diagnosis was gonadotrophinindependent(peripheral) precocious puberty (or precocious pseudopuberty) as a result of the exogenous intake ofestrogens, or intersexuality. The first diagnosis was the most probable one since the female owner of the dog appliedan estrogen gel on face and shoulders on a daily basis. The owner was advised to avoid contact of the pup with thegel. This resulted in a positive evaluation after two months, with a complete disappearance of the complaints fourmonths after the first examination.
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pp 32-37
Case report(s)

81 (1) pp 54-57

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pp 54-57
Question and answer

81 (1) pp 47-53

Title: 
Beginjaren van de KI bij rundvee in Vlaanderen - Deel 2: In de verschillende provincies (1949-1975)
Author(s): 
L. DEVRIESE, P. BONTE
Abstract: 
Article in Dutch
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pp 47-43
Veterinary past

81 (1) pp 39-46

Title: 
Equine proliferatieve enteropathie veroorzaakt door Lawsonia intracellularis: geen zeldzame aandoening meer!
Author(s): 
K. VYNCKE, P. DEPREZ, K. VERRYKEN, L. LEFÈRE, S. TORFS, G. VAN LOON
Abstract: 
Article in Dutch, no abstract in English.
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pp 39-46
Continuing professional development

81 (1) pp 24-30

Title: 
Thymoma-associated exfoliative dermatitis in a cat
Author(s): 
D. PELSMAEKERS, S. VANDENABEELE, I. CASTELIJNS, K. VANDERPERREN, T. BOSMANS, L. STEGEN, H. DE ROOSTER
Abstract: 
A 10-year-old male castrated European Shorthair was presented with signs of scaling, alopecia and pruritus. Thedermatopathological examination demonstrated an interface dermatitis with a few apoptotic keratinocytes, a murallymphocytic folliculitis and the absence of sebaceous glands. These skin changes are compatible with a paraneoplasticsyndrome caused by a thymoma. A thoracic radiograph confirmed the presence of a mass in the cranial mediastinum.A sternal thoracotomy was performed. One large tumor and two smaller masses were removed. Histopathologicalexamination of the masses revealed a lymphocyte-rich thymoma. Initially, the skin lesions improved significantly.A few weeks after surgery, there was a relapse of the exfoliative dermatitis, which regressed with a dexamethasonetreatment. On the last follow-up consult, 6 months post-operatively, the cat was no longer administered anymedication and only showed mild scaling and no pruritus.
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pp 24-30
Case report(s)

81 (1) pp 17-23

Title: 
Anesthetic management for the correction of a patent ductus arteriosus by means of either surgical ligation or transarterial occlusion in dogs
Author(s): 
M. GOZALO-MARCILLA, C. J. SEYMOUR, S. SCHAUVLIEGE, T. BOSMANS, F. GASTHUYS
Abstract: 
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is one of the most common congenital vascular abnormalities in the dog.In veterinary medicine, surgical ligation (SL) and transarterial occlusion (TO) are two possible treatments thatrequire general anesthesia.Two 4-month-old dogs were anesthetized for the correction of PDA, one by SL and the other by TO. Twodifferent anesthetic and analgesic protocols were used, and were chosen to avoid potential complications.This case report describes two possible anesthetic approaches for PDA corrective surgery (SL and TO).
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pp 17-23
Case report(s)

81 (1) pp 11-15

Title: 
Treatment of equine degenerative joint disease with autologous peripheral blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells: a case report
Author(s): 
J. H. SPAAS, M. OOSTERLINCK, S. BROECKX, M. DUMOULIN, J. SAUNDERS, A. VAN SOOM, F. PILLE, G. R. VAN DE WALLE
Abstract: 
A 5-year-old German Warmblood stallion with chronic lameness, attributable to degenerative joint disease(DJD) of the pastern joint unresponsive to medical treatments, was treated with autologous mesenchymalstem cells (MSC). These MSC were isolated from the peripheral blood (PB) of the patient and injected intothe pastern joint, at a concentration of 2.5x106 cells, twice with an 8-week interval. The positive response tothis stem cell treatment was documented by visual gait evaluation as well as objective pressure plate analyses.This paper is the first to describe the use of autologous PB-derived MSC to treat a horse suffering from chronicDJD. The favorable outcome of this single case may stimulate further research on the use of equine peripheralblood as a source of autologous MSC in equine regenerative medicine.
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pp 11-15
Case report(s)

81 (1) pp 3-10

Title: 
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli with particular attention to the German outbreak strain O104:H4
Author(s): 
M.A. JORIS, D. VANROMPAY, K. VERSTRAETE, K. DE REU, L. DE ZUTTER
Abstract: 
This review deals with the epidemiology and ecology of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC), asubset of the verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC), and subsequently discusses its public health concern.Attention is also given to the outbreak strain O104:H4, which has been isolated as causative agent of thesecond largest outbreak of the hemolytic uremic syndrome worldwide, which started in Germany in May2011. This outbreak strain is not an EHEC as such but possesses an unusual combination of EHEC andenteroaggregative E. coli (EAggEC) virulence properties.
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pp 03-10
Review(s)