2011 - 80 (6)

Volume 80 (2011), nr. 6

80 (6) pp 422-424

Abstract: 
in Dutch, no English version
Full text: 
pp 422-424
Question and answer

80 (6) pp 417-421

Title: 
Beginjaren van de kunstmatige inseminatie bij rundvee in Vlaanderen - Deel 1: Start aan de jonge Gentse veeartsenijschool en in Oost-Vlaanderen (1946-1950)
Author(s): 
G. SIERENS, L. DEVRIESE, P. BONTE
Abstract: 
Article in Dutch, no English version.
Full text: 
pp 417-421
Veterinary past

80 (6) pp 407-415

Title: 
Basisprincipes en gebruik van cytologie in de praktijk (Dutch)
Author(s): 
S. MAES, K. CHIERS, R. VAN DER LUER, R. DUCATELLE
Abstract: 
Article in Dutch, no English version.
Full text: 
pp 407-415
Continuing professional development

80 (6) pp 403-406

Title: 
Fasciolosis in horses on a Belgian stud farm
Author(s): 
J. CAMPE, PH. VYT, K. DUCHEYNE
Abstract: 
On a Belgian stud farm, problems with horses in poor body condition persisted between autumn 2009 and autumn2010. The horses had a dull hair coat and lost weight in spite of a correct deworming strategy. Blood analysisrevealed liver damage, especially the gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) was elevated. On faecal examination, Fasciolahepatica eggs were found in one horse. After treatment with triclabendazole all complaints disappeared. Thiscase shows that fasciolosis must be incorporated in the differential diagnosis of horses with poor body condition andelevated liver enzymes.
Full text: 
pp 403-406
Casuïstiek(en)

80 (6) pp 387-394

Title: 
Sudden death in cattle: necropsy protocol and retrospective study
Author(s): 
E. VANNESTE, P. WEYENS, B. PARDON, K. CHIERS
Abstract: 
Sudden death is defined as the unexpected death of an apparently healthy animal within 24 hours after onset ofthe symptoms. In literature, many causes of sudden death have been reported. In the field, it is very difficult toconfirm the exact cause of sudden death only by necropsy. Nevertheless, an exact diagnosis is requested in case ofinsurance expertise or herd health problems. In the present article, a practical protocol for approaching sudden deathin cattle is proposed. The protocol is based on information available in the literature and on a retrospective necropsyseries of sudden death cases in cattle in Flanders (n=124). The most common causes were enterotoxemia (23.7%),acute pneumonia (9.3%) and Taxus baccata intoxication (6.8%).
Full text: 
pp 387-394
Original article(s)

80 (6) pp 379-386

Title: 
Determination of fecal occult blood in horses
Author(s): 
N. VAN DER VEKENS, P. DEPREZ
Abstract: 
Chemical and immuno-chemical test kits are frequently used in human medicine for the detection of fecal occultblood loss. Since only limited data on the use of these test kits in equine medicine are available, the chemicalHemoccult SENSA test was evaluated for the detection of fecal occult blood loss in the horse. The results show thatthe Hemoccult SENSA test kit has a good sensitivity and specificity for the detection of distal intestinal blood lossin stabled horses. In horses at pasture, many false positive reactions were observed, probably due to the presence ofplant peroxidases in the diet. This high rate of false positive reactions could, in contrast to the human analyses, notbe eliminated by a delayed development of the test. Stabling the horses for at least four days before testing drasticallyimproved the specificity. In comparison to humans, the detection limit of the Hemoccult SENSA test appears to belower in horses. In the present study, up to 1% of the blood loss could be detected in the feces. This corresponds to120 ml blood loss a day.
Full text: 
pp 379-386
Original article(s)