In practice

English

87 (3) pp 150

Title: 
Perception, motivators and obstacles of biosecurity in cattle production
Author(s): 
B. DAMIAANS, S. SARRAZIN, E. HEREMANS, J. DEWULF
Abstract: 
Farm biosecurity includes the prevention of disease transmission within and between farms. Two studies were set up to investigate what motivates and withholds farmers to implement biosecurity measures. The first study aimed to assess the perception of cattle farmers towards biosecurity and to identify possible reasons for its low application. This study consisted of a focus group discussion, of which the trends were used to develop a questionnaire for Flemish cattle farmers. Although the 91 participating farmers were familiar with several measures, they associated them with disease prevention rather than biosecurity. Nearly all farmers (98%) identified their herd veterinarian as their main source of information. Twenty percent and 32% of the respondents were convinced that the implementation of biosecurity would cost them more money and time, respectively. Finally, 80% of the farmers saw room for improvement of their herd, but indicated a need for practical information. The second study aimed to identify the key elements of twenty preselected biosecurity measures, motivators and obstacles for their implementation. They were judged by twenty-two cattle stakeholders, such as farmers, veterinarians and advisors, on feasibility, efficacy and return on investment. A box for parturition, a plan for rodent control and cleaning and disinfection of the stables scored highest overall. The lowest scoring measures were showering before entering the stables and an animal-free period of 24 hours. Their return on investment scored very low, since high investments are required. For a farmer to understand why biosecurity is beneficial, he must understand all risks and costs of disease and how biosecurity may reduce these risks and costs.
Full text: 
pp 150-163
In practice

86 (5) pp 303

Title: 
An analysis of the employment of veterinarians in Flanders and perception of the quality of the veterinary training at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Ghent University
Author(s): 
A. VAN CLEVEN, J. SAUNDERS, P. DEPREZ, J. DEWULF
Abstract: 
By means of a survey, the authors attempted to determine the work situation of graduated veterinarystudents and the perception of the quality of education at the Ghent University. Three veterinariancohorts were contacted who graduated at different time intervals: between 2002 and 2004, 2009 and2011 and between 2014 and 2016. Out of 488 completed surveys (47% of the contacted respondents),it became apparent that veterinarians in Flanders work on average 47 hours per week and are relativelyhappy about their day-to-day tasks. Eighty percent (most recently graduated group) and 68% (longestgraduated group) of the respondents work as a veterinary practitioner and 81% of these practitionerswork in a group practice. Veterinarians with Belgian nationality are mostly self-employed, while mostDutch veterinarians work on the payroll of someone else. The results of the survey show that therespondents are happy with the theoretic part of the veterinary study, but believe that there is notenough focus on the practicing part, which is too limited. According to the respondents, veterinarytraining should be more focused on first-line veterinary medicine, on the developing of communicationskills with clients and colleagues and on business management.
Full text: 
pp 303-310
In practice

86 (3) pp173

Title: 
The impact of antimicrobial use guidelines on prescription habits in fourteen Flemish small animal practices
Author(s): 
S. SARRAZIN, F. VANDAEL, A. VAN CLEVEN, E. DE GRAEF, H. DE ROOSTER, J. DEWULF
Abstract: 
A prospective study was performed to explore the prescription habits in fourteen first-line,small animal practices during first consultations of cats and dogs. Consultations one monthprior to the implementation of antimicrobial use guidelines and at least 20 days thereafter wereexamined. Differences in the proportion of consultations during which antimicrobials wereprescribed, were assessed. Additionally, changes in the choice of active substance were criticallyevaluated against the introduced antimicrobial use guidelines. The proportion of consultationswhere antimicrobials were prescribed decreased in cats and dogs (both –12%) after theintroduction of the antimicrobial use guidelines. There was an increase of consultations of cats(+13%) and dogs (+10%) where veterinarians handled according to those guidelines. However,an increase in the prescription of third-choice antimicrobials and highest priority criticallyimportant antimicrobials was noticed both in cats (+8% and +12%, respectively) and dogs (both+5%). This unexpected increase invites to create extra awareness amongst prescribers.
Full text: 
pp 173-182
In practice

85 (1) pg 36

Title: 
Risk of colistin resistance on the rise
Author(s): 
B. CALLENS, F. HAESEBROUCK, J. DEWULF, F. BOYEN, P. BUTAYE, B. CATRY, P. WATTIAU, E. DE GRAEF
Abstract: 
In a recent article from China, a transferable resistance mechanism has been described in Escherichiacoli (E. coli), isolated from food-producing animals, meat and hospital patients (Liu et al., 2015).Recently, this resistance mechanism has also been found in Denmark, France, the United Kingdom andBelgium. Colistin is considered as one of the last resort treatments against multi-resistant bacteria inhuman medicine, especially for patients with cystic fibrosis. Alertness is needed and the new resistancemechanism has to be detected properly in animal and human related bacteria.
Full text: 
pp 36-40
In practice

83(6) pg 313-320

Title: 
The Sterycat project: what's next? - The opinion of participating shelter veterinarians and caretakers on early neutering in cats
Author(s): 
N. PORTERS, C.P.H. MOONS, I. POLIS, J. DEWULF, H. DE ROOSTER
Abstract: 
The Sterycat project is a scientific study financed by the Federal Public Service of Public Health,Food Chain Safety and Environment, in which the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine collaborated withseventeen Flemish animal shelters, to investigate the effect of prepubertal gonadectomy on the healthand behavior of cats. To be able to efficiently integrate prepubertal gonadectomy of shelter cats ingovernmental policy, it is important to know the opinion on this topic of people in the field. For thispurpose, at the end of the Sterycat project, a survey (16 questions, 70 copies in total) was distributedamong shelter veterinarians and staff workers of the participating shelters.Thirty-five individuals completed the survey (10 shelter veterinarians, 25 staff workers). The majorityof them (85%) were in favor of continuing prepubertal gonadectomy in shelter cats after theSterycat project had ended. However, some respondents were concerned about potential complicationsdue to the procedure (58%) and about viral disease outbreaks (72%). Whether prepubertal gonadectomycould be implemented successfully seemed to be dependent upon the financial feasibility andthe development of a framework to prevent income loss for non-shelter veterinarians.Rest of the abstract:cf. full text
Full text: 
pp 313-320
In practice

82 (6) pp 356-362

Title: 
Assessment of two essential elements of BVDV control on selected Flemish dairy and beef farms
Author(s): 
J. Laureyns, R. Booth , S. Sarrazin, P. Deprez, D. Pfeiffer, J. Dewulf, S. De Vliegher
Abstract: 
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is one of the most important viruses to cause disease in cattle worldwide. The virus is endemically present in Belgium. Clinical diagnosis of BVDV infection is difficult. Therefore, monitoring through testing is necessary to detect the presence of the virus on farms. As vaccination alone does not suffice for eradication, a combination of measures is required for successful control. Via a questionnaire, the BVDV policy on 241 selected Flemish cattle farms was investigated. This revealed some striking results. For the majority of the herds, the BVDV status was unknown (63%), and only 23% had a monitoring program in place. Furthermore, on seven out of ten (71%) BVDV-vaccinating farms, vaccination against BVDV was implemented as a strategy without knowing the actual BVDV status. 
Full text: 
pp 356-362
In practice

69 (2) 125-129

Title: 
Een uniforme ziekteregistratie op rundveebedrijven als hulpmiddel voor diergeneeskundig epidemiologisch onderzoek
Author(s): 
G. OPSOMER, H. LAEVENS, A. DE KRUIF
pp 125-129
In practice

69 (3) 197-206

Title: 
Epidemiologische bewaking van boviene spongiforme encefalopathie in België in 1998 (Dutch)
Author(s): 
Saegerman C., Dechamps P., Vanopdenbosch E., Roels S., Petroff K., Dufey J., Van Caenegem G., Devreese D., Varewyck H., De Craemere H., Desmedt I., Cormann A., Torck G., Hallet L., Hamelrijckx M., Leemans M., Vandersanden A., Peharpre D., Brochier B., Costy F., Muller P., Thiry E., Pastoret PP
pp 197-206
In practice

69 (5) 349-354

Title: 
Opstarten en management van een vijver of een aquarium (Dutch)
Author(s): 
M. LAMMENS, A. DECOSTERE
pp 349-354
In practice

69 (5) 345-348

Title: 
Behandeling en preventie van coccidiose bij konijnen (Dutch)
Author(s): 
D. VANDEKERCKHOVE, J. PEETERS
pp 345-348
In practice

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