Theme

English

70 (6) 432-438

Title: 
Nageltred bij het paard - deel 2: chirurgische behandeling (Dutch)
Author(s): 
F. PILLE, P. DESMET, M. STEENHAUT, A. MARTENS, A. DE MOOR
pp 432-438
Theme

70 (6) 423-431

Title: 
Nageltred bij het paard - deel 1: diagnostiek (Dutch)
Author(s): 
F. PILLE, P. DESMET, M. STEENHAUT, A. MARTENS, A. DE MOOR
pp 423-431
Theme

71 (3) 195-201

Title: 
ANESTHESIA IN REPTILES. Part 2. Inhalation Anesthesia
Author(s): 
T. Bouts, F. Gasthuys
Abstract: 
The first part of the article provided a review of injection anesthesia in reptiles. In the second part, inhalation anesthesia in these species is highlighted. Specific attention is given to the anatomy and physiology of the respiration system in reptiles and the pre-anesthetic preparation. Practical details of the equipment, endotracheal intubation and monitoring are provided. Problems such as breath-holding can occur in reptiles. Another problem is the enormous variability in species and size. In snakes it is common practice to intubate the animal awake and “gas” it down. This technique is neither justified nor possible in venomous snakes. Induction of anesthesia in these animals can be done using different injection techniques (see Part 1) or the box induction. Intubation can be done once the animal is asleep. Lizards have an easily accessible tail vein, while the jugular vein can be used for injection in cooperative chelonians. Propofol is the product of choice for anesthetic induction in these species (see Part 1). However, as in non-venomous snakes, “conscious” intubation is becoming more and more popular in lizards and chelonians. Isoflurane is the most widely used volatile anesthetic in reptiles, although satisfactory results have been reported using sevoflurane in exotic practices in the UK and USA over the last two years.
Full text: 
pp 195-201
Theme

71 (3) 183-194

Title: 
ANESTHESIA IN REPTILES. Part 1. Injection Anesthesia
Author(s): 
T. Bouts, F. Gasthuys
Abstract: 
The first part of the article gives a review of injection anesthesia in reptiles. The specific anatomy and physiology of reptiles are briefly described, along with their pre-anesthetic evaluation. Drugs used for pre-medication, muscle relaxation, local anesthesia and the induction of general anesthesia are discussed. The last section deals with analgesia in reptiles. Chelonians are relatively difficult to anesthetize so injection anesthesia is of great value in this species. Midazolam/ketamine ore an ά2-agonist (medetomidine, xylazine) / ketamine combination can be used successfully. Propofol IV or IO is the agent of choice for induction and minor surgeries not exceeding 20 minutes. In large tortoises (eg. Aldabrachelys gigantean) a muscle relaxant may be indicated to facilitate handling of the head and intubation. Ketamine and zolazepam/tiletamine (zoletil, tilazol) IM are indicated as premedication in snakes. Propofol IV and even methoxital IM or SC can be used for induction and small interventions. In lizards, easy access to the tail and abdominal veins assure intravenous access. For this reason, propofol is used for induction and smaller surgical interventions. Ketamine and alphaloxone/alphadolone IM are good alternatives. Since problems often occur with gas induction, injection anesthesia is usually obligatory in these species before inhalation anesthesia can be performed.
Full text: 
pp 183-194
Theme

71 (3) 172-177

Title: 
De behandeling van cysteuze ovariële follikels bij melkvee (Dutch)
Author(s): 
J. GOVAERE, T. VANHOLDER, G. OPSOMER, A. DE KRUIF
pp 172-177
Theme

71 (3) 165-171

Title: 
De diagnose van cysteuze ovariële follikels bij melkvee (Dutch)
Author(s): 
T. VANHOLDER, J. GOVAERE, G. OPSOMER, A. DE KRUIF
pp 165-171
Theme

71 (5) 305-316

Title: 
Chronische nierinsufficiëntie bij de hond en de kat - deel 2: behandeling, prognose en conclusie (Dutch)
Author(s): 
J. BUIJTELS, S. DAMINET
pp 305-316
Theme

71 (5) 295-304

Title: 
Chronische nierinsufficiëntie bij de hond en de kat - deel 1: etiologie, symptomen en pathofysiologie (Dutch)
Author(s): 
J. BUIJTELS, S. DAMINET
pp 295-304
Theme

71 (6) 380-386

Title: 
Anesthesie bij konijnen (Dutch)
Author(s): 
D. VANCRAEYNEST, I. THAS, K. HERMANS
pp 380-386
Theme

71 (6) 368-371

Title: 
Anesthesie bij knaagdieren (Dutch)
Author(s): 
I. THAS, D. VANCRAEYNEST, K. HERMANS
pp 368-371
Theme

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