Continuing professional development

English

79 (1) 66-76

Title: 
Is icterus synoniem voor leverproblemen? Diagnose en behandeling van leveraandoeningen bij het paard (Dutch)
Author(s): 
D. DE CLERCQ, P. DEPREZ, I. DURIE, L. LEFÈRE, G. VAN LOON
Abstract: 
Paper in Dutch
Full text: 
pp 66-76
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79 (2) 147-155

Title: 
Ultrasonographic examination of selected small structures in dogs and cats: thyroid glands, lymph nodes and adrenal glands
Author(s): 
V. BARBERET, J. H. SAUNDERS
Abstract: 
Ultrasonography has become an important imaging modality for the evaluation of small structures, suchas thyroid glands, lymph nodes and adrenal glands, because it is relatively inexpensive, it is non-invasive andit does not require general anesthesia. Both normal and abnormal small structures can be seen, though thisdepends to a great extent on the quality of the equipment and the operator skills. For thyroid glands, it canbe used to assess thyroid carcinomas, canine hypothyroidism and feline hyperthyroidism. Ultrasonography isalso a very valuable modality for evaluating superficial and abdominal lymph nodes. By combining differentultrasonographic criteria, it is possible to accurately differentiate normal from reactive or malignant lymphnodes. Finally, the adrenal glands can be evaluated ultrasonographically in cases of hyperadrenocorticism(pituitary- or adrenal-dependent), hyperaldosteronism, hypoadrenocorticism and adrenal neuroendocrinetumors.
Full text: 
pp 147-155
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79 (3) 227-234

Title: 
Het teratoom bij gezelschapsdieren (Dutch)
Author(s): 
B. VAN GOETHEM, S. SANSEN, M. TSHAMALA, H. DE ROOSTER
Abstract: 
Paper in Dutch
Full text: 
pp 227-234
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79 (4) 307-316

Title: 
De keuring van het paard: risicoanalyse van afwijkingen die courant bij radiografie worden aangetroffen (Dutch)
Author(s): 
F. PILLE, A. MARTENS, K. DENEUT, M. DUMOULIN, M. OOSTERLINCK, E. RAES, J. SAUNDERS
Abstract: 
Paper in Dutch
Full text: 
pp 307-316
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79 (5) 400-404

Title: 
Encephalitozoon or not Encephalitozoon: that is the question
Author(s): 
K. HERMANS
Abstract: 
Encephalitozoon cuniculi is a protozoan parasite that may cause nervous symptoms, kidney disease and eyelesions in rabbits. The main problem is to diagnose the parasite as the cause of the observed symptoms in the livinganimal.A simple, most frequently used method is serology. However, a positive serology result should not be regardedas a correct diagnosis, since many rabbits appear to possess antibodies without showing any symptoms of the disease.A negative serology result can usually be considered as truly negative. In practice, based on clinical signs and apositive serology result, a treatment is usually started. It consists of fenbendazole, 20 mg/kg orally sid, during 4weeks. The prognosis is guarded. Some rabbits recover completely. However, in many other rabbits the clinical signsare irreversible.
Full text: 
pp 400-404
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79 (6) pp 467-470

Title: 
Semen collection, assessment and artificial insemination in the cat
Author(s): 
T. RIJSSELAERE, A. VAN SOOM
Abstract: 
The first successful artificial insemination in cats was described 40 years ago. However, the inseminationin cats is at present not as commonly performed in daily veterinary practice as the insemination in dogs dueto the practical difficulties in collecting a sperm sample from the tomcat, the small volume of the spermobtained, the few possibilities to determine the optimal timing of insemination and the need for ovulationinduction and sedation of the queen. Recently, a new and practical method has been described for spermcollection, using urethral catheterization after sedation of the tomcat with medetomidine. Sperm cansubsequently be inseminated in the vagina or directly into the uterus by laparotomy or transcervicalcatheterization.
Full text: 
pp 467-470
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79 (6) pp 463-466

Title: 
Technieken voor kunstmatige inseminatie bij de hond (Dutch)
Author(s): 
T. RIJSSELAERE, A. VAN SOOM
Abstract: 
During the last decades there has been an increasing interest in artificial insemination in the dog. The inseminationof a bitch can be performed using fresh, chilled or frozen-thawed semen. Sperm can be inseminated in the vaginaby using a plastic insemination device or by the Osiris catheter. Intra-uterine insemination can be performed bymeans of laparotomy which is ethically controversial and prohibited in several countries. Better techniques for intra-uterine insemination are the transcervical catheter or the insemination of a catheter under endoscopic visualization.Intra-uterine insemination results in higher whelping rates for fresh, chilled and frozen-thawed semen than intravaginaldeposition and additionally results in higher litter sizes when frozen-thawed semen is used.
Full text: 
pp 463-466
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80 (1) pp 69-74

Title: 
Diaphragmatic herniation as a rare cause of anterior functional stenosis in cattle
Author(s): 
P. DE SCHUTTER, L. MAES, B. PARDON, P. DEPREZ
Abstract: 
Diaphragmatic hernia is a rare condition in cattle and although clinical symptoms can be variable, signs ofanterior stenosis predominate. On the basis of four cases presented at the Clinic for Large Animal Internal Medicine,Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University (Belgium), the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and the treatment ofdiaphragmatic hernia are discussed in this article. The literature suggests that pre-operative diagnosis and a successfultreatment are possible. Hence a comparison is made between the findings of these four cases and the findings in theliterature.
Full text: 
pp 69-74
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80 (2) pp 161-166

Title: 
Een update van colibacillose bij kippen (Dutch)
Author(s): 
D. PERSOONS, B. CALLENS, J. DEWULF, F. HAESEBROUCK
Abstract: 
Paper in Dutch
pp 161-166
Continuing professional development

80 (3) pp 248-253

Title: 
Preservation and shipment of chilled and cryopreserved dog semen
Author(s): 
T. RIJSSELAERE, D. MAES, F. VAN DEN BERGHE, A. VAN SOOM
Abstract: 
The transport and artificial insemination of chilled (4°C) and cryopreserved (-196°C) dog semenhave gained increasing interest worldwide and have become very popular among dog breeders.Whereas cryopreservation of dog sperm is a complicated and time consuming procedure, which isalmost exclusively performed at universities, the chilling of dog semen can be handled by veterinariansin their private practices, provided that the basic knowledge of chilling and diluting semen isacquired. Immediately after sperm collection, the quality of the fresh sample is evaluated and recordedbefore diluting in an appropriate extender. Subsequently, the diluted semen is gradually chilledto 4°C. It can be stored at 4°C for several days or transported in a thermos flask, a styrofoambox or a Minitübe neopore box. Cryopreserved dog sperm is mostly transported in a dry-shippercontainer. The rules and legislation for the shipment of chilled and frozen dog semen are rathercomplicated. They differ between almost every country and may change over time. To comply withall the administrative procedures, it is necessary to plan the transport of semen well in advance.
Full text: 
pp 248-253
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