Case report(s)

English

2014 (1) 21-27

Title: 
Incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle in a young Dogue de Bordeaux
Author(s): 
S. Favril, D. Van Vynckt, I. Gielen, A. Van Caelenberg, K. Vanderperren,B. Van Ryssen
Abstract: 
 In this case report, an incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle in a Dogue de Bordeaux ofeight months old is described. As a puppy, the dog had already been intermittently lame on the rightfront leg. Because of the breed and the clinical and radiographic findings, elbow dysplasia was primarilydiagnosed. However, after computer tomographic examination, an incomplete ossification of thehumeral condyle was found. This condition is less common than elbow dysplasia, and does not alwayscause limping. The dog was treated conservatively because of the mild clinical symptoms, and recoveredspontaneously.The special features of this case include primarily the breed of the dog and his history. Incompleteossification occurs mainly in Spaniels, and lameness is usually not observed in puppies. The evolutionof the disease in this dog is atypical. This dog recovered spontaneously. This condition often causespersistent lameness. In some cases, an incomplete ossification leads to an atraumatic humeral condylefracture.
Full text: 
pp 21-27
Case report(s)

2014 (1) 14-19

Title: 
Anaphylaxis after intravenous administration of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid in two dogs under general anesthesia
Author(s): 
T. Bosmans, S. Melis, H. de Rooster, B. Van Goethem, P. Defauw, I. Van Soens, I. Polis
Abstract: 
In this case series, the occurrence and successful treatment of anaphylaxis after the intravenousadministration of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid are described in two dogs under generalanesthesia. Within five to ten minutes after the administration of the antibiotic, a severe hypotensionoccurred in both dogs, accompanied by labial and periorbital swelling and erythema.Therapy consisted of counteracting the cardiovascular effects of anaphylaxis and preventingfurther release of inflammatory mediators. Both dogs recovered uneventfully from the drugrelatedanaphylaxis.
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pp 14-19
Case report(s)

82 (6) pp 350-355

Title: 
The use of an islandized angularis oris axial pattern buccal flap for the reconstruction of a recurrent cleft palate in a cat
Author(s): 
J. Defoor, T. Bosmans, M. Doom, I. Schwarzkopf, H. de Rooster
Abstract: 
A 7-month-old male castrated European shorthair cat was presented because of a recurrent cleft of the soft palate. Surgical correction had already been performed twice by a local veterinary practitioner. For the third correction, a pharyngeal overlapping flap was used but again, dehiscence occurred. Finally, the angularis oris axial pattern buccal flap technique, as described in dogs, was applied. The flap covered the defect without any tension, and good vascularization was appreciated during the whole procedure. Because of severe swelling of the intraoral tissues at the end of the procedure, dexamethasone was administered intravenously. Almost instantly after the injection, the cat went into cardiorespiratory arrest, and died shortly after. 
Full text: 
pp 350-355
Case report(s)

82 (6) pp 345-349

Title: 
Perforating dermatitis in a cat
Author(s): 
N. Jongmans, S. Vandenabeele, J. Declercq
Abstract: 
An 8.5-month-old neutered male cat was presented with an itching linear lesion on the right hindlimb that extended from the caudomedial tarsus to the ventral part of the tail base. The lesion consisted of multiple, thick, cone-shaped, yellow-brown crusts and alopecia. Cytological examination of impression smears revealed numerous eosinophils and some mast cells. Histopathological examination of skin biopsies confirmed the diagnosis of perforating dermatitis with typically vertically orientated bundles of collagen and an eosinophilic dermatitis. Treatment with dexamethasone gave slight improvement. When dexamethasone was combined with topical mometasone therapy, the lesions disappeared completely. 
Full text: 
pp 345-349
Case report(s)

82 (5) pp 275-281

Title: 
Bilateral osteochondritis dissecans of the lateral trochlear ridge in a young Rottweiler
Author(s): 
N. Smits, I. Gielen, L. Mosselmans, W. Dingemanse, T. Bosmans, E. Van der Vekens, B. Van Ryssen
Abstract: 
In this case report, a young Rottweiler is described that suffered from bilateral osteochondritis dissecans of the talus. The signalment, history and clinical signs were typical for this condition, but atypically, the lateral trochlear ridges were affected. Due to the large size of the fragments, the prognosis was reserved. However, one year after surgery, the clinical outcome was surprisingly good. The left and right trochlear ridges seemed to be filled up with osseous material.
Full text: 
pp 275-281
Case report(s)

69 (1) 44-46

Title: 
A thymic lymphoma in a Heifer
Author(s): 
S. De Vliegher, G. Opsomer, G. Hoflack, H. De Bosschere, P. Deprez, A. de Kruif
Abstract: 
This case report describes a Red Holstein heifer with a thymic lymphoma (lymphosarcoma; malignant lymphoma). The heifer was presented because of a severe swelling at the throat and ventral neck region. Based on the clinical examination the diagnosis of thymic neoplasia was made. Because of the poor prognosis the heifer was euthanised and autopsied. Histopathological examination revealed a thymic lymphoma.
Full text: 
pp 44-46
Case report(s)

69 (1) 42-43

Title: 
ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS INFECTION AFTER ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY IN A DOG
Author(s): 
P. Butaye, P. Verleyen, L.A. Devriese, H. Van Bree, F. Haesebrouck
Abstract: 
An Enterococcus faecalis infection is reported in a dog following a badly executed orthopedic surgery. E. faecalis is a notorious pathogen in human medicine but is rarely reported in animals.
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pp 42-43
Case report(s)

69 (1) 38-41

Title: 
Equine herpesvirus type 1 abortion, neonatal foal death and nervous system disorders diagnosed in Belgium in 1999
Author(s): 
K.M. van der Meulen, H.J. Nauwynck, M.B. Pensaert
Abstract: 
A description is made of the diagnosis of cases of abortion, neonatal foal death and nervous system disorders caused by equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) in 1999, carried out in the Laboratory of Virology at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Merelbeke, Belgium. Twenty-eight cases originated from Flanders, two from Wallonia and one from the Netherlands. There were 22 abortions, four neonatal foal deaths and five cases of nervous system disorders. The diagnosis was made by means of virus isolation. Twenty-nine percent of the horses involved had been vaccinated against EHV-1.
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pp 38-41
Case report(s)

69 (2) 121-124

Title: 
SURGICAL TREATMENT OF A SYNOVIAL HERNIA OF THE TIBIOTARSAL JOINT IN A HORSE
Author(s): 
A. Martens, M. Steenhaut, L. Vlaminck, F. Pille, K. Sercu, A. De Moor
Abstract: 
This case report describes the treatment of a large hernia of the tibiotarsal joint in a horse. A fluctuant swelling on the lateral aspect of the tarsus had suddenly appeared and it gradually increased to reach a diameter of 12 cm and a thickness of 6 cm. There was pronounced synovial effusion of the tibiotarsal joint, but none of the swellings was painful. The horse was not lame. During a diagnostic arthroscopy, an opening of 1 by 2.5 cm could be detected on the lateral aspect of the joint capsule. Surgical correction with resection of the hernial sac and closure of the defect in the fibrous joint capsule were performed. In the postsurgical period, the effusion of the joint and swelling of the periarticular structures gradually diminished resulting in a clinically normal tarsus. Synovial hernias are relatively uncommon in the horse and have not been described in this location. They should mainly be differentiated from a joint ganglion, a haematoma and an acquired bursitis at the level of the joint. This case report illustrates that, even for very large joint hernias, the prognosis after surgical correction is good.
Full text: 
pp 121-124
Case report(s)

69 (2) 116-120

Title: 
PRIMARY SPLENIC TORSION IN THE DOG: CASE REPORT AND LITERATURE REVIEW
Author(s): 
I. Putcuyps, S. Schoofs, K. Feyten, T. Maenhout
Abstract: 
This paper describes a case of chronic primary splenic torsion in a female Great Dane. Clinical signs had already been present for two weeks. A diagnosis was obtained by radiography and ultrasound. A successful splenectomy was performed and resulted in complete recovery of the animal. A literature review is given of primary splenic torsion in the dog, including a discussion of the different manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment are the key to a good prognosis.
Full text: 
pp 116-120
Case report(s)

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