Case report(s)

English

85 (1) pg 31

Title: 
Concurrent squamous cell carcinoma and hemangiosarcoma in the cornea of a cat
Author(s): 
G. STORMS, C. NARANJO, M. GRAUWELS
Abstract: 
A 14-year-old, female, spayed Domestic Shorthair cat was presented for evaluation of a darkred mass occupying about 75% of the cornea of the left eye. Furthermore, the eye presented uppereyelid trichiasis, lower eyelid entropion and a marked symblepharon. The fellow eye presentedupper eyelid trichiasis, lower eyelid entropion, extensive symblepharon and chronic stromalulcerative keratitis. Based on the results of a corneal biopsy of the left eye, a corneal squamouscell carcinoma was diagnosed and an enucleation was performed subsequently. Histopathologyof the globe revealed the presence of variably sized, vascular-like, blood-filled channels in thesuperficial corneal stroma, lined by spindle cells. In the central cornea, a markedly hyperplasticepithelium was noticed with infiltration of atypical corneal epithelial cells into the superficialstroma. A primary corneal hemangiosarcoma associated with a primary corneal squamous cellcarcinoma was diagnosed. In this case report, the rare presence of multiple primary neoplasmswithin the same anatomical structure is described.
Full text: 
pp 31-35
Case report(s)

85 (1)

Title: 
Cosmetic rostral nasal reconstruction after resection of squamous cell carcinoma in two dogs
Author(s): 
S. LIPPENS, B. VAN GOETHEM, I. GIELEN, I. POLIS, H. DE ROOSTER
Abstract: 
Two male Golden retrievers, each one about ten years old, were presented with a visible mass inthe nose, showing symptoms of sneezing and epistaxis. The histopathological examination of biopsiesindicated that both dogs were affected by a squamous cell carcinoma. Further staging did not revealany indications for metastases. Surgical removal of the tumor through a planectomy or nosectomy wasproposed. Since the classical removal of the nose was cosmetically unacceptable for the owners of bothdogs, a rostral nose reconstruction was opted for in both cases. As the tumor in the first dog was rathersuperficial, resection of the cartilaginous part of the nose (planectomy) turned out to be sufficient. Inthe second dog however, there was also evidence of bony involvement. Therefore, not only the nosebut also the os incisiva was removed (nosectomy). In both cases, remission of the tumor was obtainedafter a 35 and 29 months follow-up, respectively, accompanied by an excellent cosmetic result.
Full text: 
pp 23-30
Case report(s)

84(6) pg 318

Title: 
Testicular disorder of sex development (78,XX SRY-negative) in a female French Bulldog
Author(s): 
A. VAN CLEVEN, E. WYDOOGHE, L. VAN BRANTEGEM, I. SZCZERBAL, M. STACHOWIAK, M SWITONSKI, H. DE ROOSTER
Abstract: 
A presumably female intact French bulldog of ten months old was presented to the Faculty of VeterinaryMedicine of the Ghent University with an enlarged clitoris and purulent vaginal discharge. It wassuggested to remove the enlarged clitoris as to avoid further irritation and to perform a gonadectomyat the same time, since the owners were not planning to breed with the dog. An abnormal reproductivetract was observed during surgery. A normal uterus was present, but both gonads resembled testes.Histologic examination of the resected tissues confirmed the presence of bilateral testes in combinationwith a normal uterus. Karyotyping and molecular analysis of the SRY-gene resulted in a 78,XX SRYnegativekaryotype. The French bulldog was diagnosed with a 78,XX SRY-negative testicular disorderof sex development (DSD).
Full text: 
pp 318-325
Case report(s)

84(6) pg 326-332

Title: 
Multiple dermoid sinus cysts on the head of a miniature schnauzer
Author(s): 
D. BUIJTELS, B. VAN GOETHEM, H. DE COCK, H. DE ROOSTER, S. VANDENABEELE
Abstract: 
A one-year-and-nine-months-old, neutered, female Miniature schnauzer was presented to the primarycare veterinarian with a skin lesion between the eyebrows. There were multiple papulae presentat birth, and later, small fistulae with protruding hair bundles appeared. Topical antibiotic therapy andepilation of the hairs only brought temporary relief and a presumptive diagnosis of dermoid sinus cystswas made. The dog was referred and the skin lesions were surgically excised. During histopathologicalexamination, the lesion was diagnosed as multiple dermoid sinus cysts, a consequence of the incompleteseparation of the ectoderm during embryogenesis. Depending on the depth of the tubular dermalinvaginations and the location of the lesions, different types have been recognized. This is the third dogdescribed in the literature with dermoid sinus cysts on the head.
Full text: 
pp 326-332
Case report(s)

84(5)

Title: 
Postoperative infection with multiresistant Staphylococcus aureus in a Bernese mountain dog with a rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament
Author(s): 
F. VANDAEL, E. DE BAKKER, D. PAEPE, L.MOSSELMANS, Y. SAMOY, G. VERHOEVEN, B. VAN RYSSEN
Abstract: 
A female Bernese mountain dog of 5.5 years old was referred to the Ghent University Clinic becauseof septic arthritis of the left stifle joint after an explorative arthrotomy. The pathogenic germwas a multiresistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The stifle joint was operated on again, flushedand the dog was treated with meropenem (Meronem®, NV AstraZeneca SA, Brussels, Belgium) subcutaneouslyfor a period of eight weeks. During that period, the cranial cruciate ligament ruptured inthe affected stifle joint. Therefore, a treatment with a tibial tuberosity advancement technique, i.e. TTARapid was conducted. Despite the infection, the severe symptoms and the concomitant rupture of thecruciate ligament, the dog made a full recovery.Multiresistant bacteria are difficult to treat and demand a thorough approach of the attending veterinarian,a strong commitment of the owner and the exceptional use of potent, “last resort” antibioticsguided by antibiogram results. In this case report, it is demonstrated that even severe cases of postoperativeinfection with MRSA can be managed successfully with proper treatment.
Full text: 
pp 264-277
Case report(s)

84(5) pg 257

Title: 
Medial coronoid disease in an eleven-year-old Labrador retriever
Author(s): 
M. DALLAGO, E. DE BAKKER, E. COPPIETERS, J. SAUNDERS, I. GIELEN, B. VAN RYSSEN
Abstract: 
In this case report, the occurrence of medial coronoid disease (MCD) is described in an elevenyear-old Labrador retriever. A left frontleg lameness had started six months before presentation.Radiographs showed minimal pathology and computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a discretefissure of the medial coronoid process. Arthroscopy confirmed the presence of a coronoidlesion, visible as chondromalacia. Treatment was performed by arthroscopic removal of the diseasedcartilage and subchondral bone. Despite the successful procedure, the dog needed continuousphysiotherapy to maintain an acceptable gait.MCD is a developmental disorder mainly affecting young large breed dogs. However, thedescribed dog was already eleven years old. Nevertheless, the duration of lameness was rathershort and the imaging and arthroscopic findings could not demonstrate a chronic problem. In theliterature, little information is available about the etiology, prevalence and treatment outcome ofmedial coronoid pathology in old dogs.
pp 257-263
Case report(s)

84(5) pg 253

Title: 
Acute necrotizing pneumonia associated with barium aspiration in a cat
Author(s): 
W.M. HANANEH, R. K. AL-RUKIBAT, C. C. BROWN
Abstract: 
Barium sulphate is an insoluble contrast medium that is commonly used for radiographyof the digestive tract. During examination, aspiration of barium might occur and cause severecomplications in both humans and animals. In this report, a case of barium aspiration duringgastrointestinal examination of a four-year-old, spayed, female Persian cat is described.Radiographic and pathological findings confirmed the diagnosis of barium aspiration. 
Full text: 
pp 253-256
Case report(s)

84(5) pg 243

Title: 
Autochthonous Angiostrongylus vasorum infection in a Border collie in Belgium
Author(s): 
C. SARRE, A. WILLEMS, S. DAMINET, E. CLAEREBOUT
Abstract: 
A nine-month-old, female Border collie was referred to the clinic because of an acute persistentcough and hemoptysis after excitation. Thoracic radiographs revealed a diffuse interstitialto alveolar pattern, compatible with pulmonary hemorrhage. To stabilize the dog and becauseof a suspected complex coagulopathy and on-going bleeding evidenced by worsening anemia, afresh frozen plasma transfusion (10 ml/kg over four hours) was administered. Fecal examinationconfirmed the clinical suspicion of Angiostrongylus vasorum as the underlying cause of all the observedclinical signs. The dog was treated with fenbendazole (50 mg/kg SID) during 21 days. Oneweek after treatment initiation, the dog was clinically healthy and thoracic radiographs showeda marked improvement of the pulmonary lesions.This case illustrates that autochthonous canine A. vasorum infections can occur in Belgiumand they should be taken into account in the diagnostic work-up of dogs with respiratory signsand bleeding disorders.
pp 243-252
Case report(s)

84 (4) pg 205-211

Title: 
First confirmed case of bovine besnoitiosis in an imported bull in Belgium
Author(s): 
A. VANHOUDT, B. PARDON, P. DE SCHUTTER, L. BOSSELER, C. SARRE, J. VERCRUYSSE, P. DEPREZ
Abstract: 
ABSTRACTBesnoitia besnoiti is a protozoan parasite known to cause important economic losses in thecattle industry in Africa, Asia and the Mediterranean area. In the last years, (re-) emergenceof the parasite has been reported in France, Germany, Hungary and Italy with in some cases,establishment of an endemic infection. In this article, the first case of besnoitiosis in Belgium ina Blonde d’Aquitaine bull imported from the south of France is described. Additionally, a briefoverview of the epidemiology of the disease is provided.
pp 205-211
Case report(s)

84(3) pg 158-161

Title: 
A case of pyoderma gangrenosum in a dog successfully treated with prednisolone alone
Author(s): 
J. DECLERCQ
Abstract: 
In this case report, a markedly painful ulcerative dermatitis consistent with pyodermagranulosum is reported in a 2.5-year-old entire female Maltese dog. The dog had a nasal stridorand irregular ulcers with raised inflammatory borders involving the lumbar area, tail and thehindlimbs. The lesions did not respond to antibiotics. Histopathologic features include deepcrateriform ulcerations with massive infiltrations of neutrophils beneath and adjacent to theulcers. Treatment with prednisolone (Kela Laboratories, Sint-Niklaas, Belgium) alone resultedin the resolution of nasal signs and all skin lesions.
pp 158-161
Case report(s)

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