Case report(s)

English

82 (2) pp 75-80

Title: 
Iatrogenic tracheal rupture in a British shorthair
Author(s): 
A.L. SAUERMANN, A. RUBIO-GUZMAN, T. BOSMANS, K. VANDERPERREN, H. DE ROOSTER
Abstract: 
Tracheal rupture is an uncommon disease in cats, and is usually iatrogenic. This case report describes acervical tracheal rupture in a mature male British shorthair. The cat was presented with extreme subcutaneousemphysema and a moderate to severe pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and pneumoretroperitoneum,but did not show any signs of dyspnea and/or hypoxia. The cat had a recent history of endotrachealintubation. The diagnosis was made with tracheoscopy, and the tracheal rupture was surgically treated. Noclinical complications were exhibited by the patient during the hospitalization. After four days, the patientwas discharged, and no further complaints were reported during the medical control four months later.
Full text: 
pp 75-80
Case report(s)

82 (2) pp 69-74

Title: 
Hepatozoon canis infection in three dogs imported from Spain
Author(s): 
D. CRIEL, A. VANDENBERGHE
Abstract: 
This case report describes three dogs imported from Málaga (Spain), infected with Hepatozooncanis. The dogs were presented to a Belgian veterinarian because of fever of unknown origin. NumerousH. canis gamonts were seen inside neutrophilic granulocytes on the blood smear of the three dogs. Theanimal with most clinical signs was also infected with Ehrlichia canis. The life cycle, clinical fi ndings,diagnostic techniques, treatment options and epidemiology of H. canis are reviewed in this article. Consideringthe increasing importance of exotic diseases, it is warranted to add H. canis as a differentialdiagnosis in animals that originate from, or have travelled to endemic areas.
Full text: 
PP 69-74
Case report(s)

82 (2) pp 63-68

Title: 
Surgical excision of a branchial cyst in a dog
Author(s): 
J. DHONT, A. FURCAS, E. VANDERVEKENS, I. POLIS, H. DE ROOSTER
Abstract: 
A 6-year-old spayed Cavalier King Charles was presented with a reoffending subcutaneous swellingin the region of the left jaw. Based on the clinical and ultrasonographic fi ndings, a sialocele of the leftparotid salivary gland was suspected. Surgical excision of the left parotid salivary gland was recommended.During surgical exploration, cystic processes in the left parotid salivary gland as well as a moreventrally localized cyst were observed. The parotid and the adjacent cyst were excised. Based on thehistopathological fi ndings, a branchial cyst was diagnosed. Apart from a temporary mild paralysis of thefacial nerve, the dog recovered well. To date, more than a year later, no recurrence has been observed.
Full text: 
pp 63-68
Case report(s)

82 (2) pp 59-62

Title: 
Cutaneous neosporosis in an adult dog in Belgium
Author(s): 
T. DE SCHUYTER, H.E.V. DE COCK, P. LEMMENS
Abstract: 
A twelve-year-old female spayed Greyhound was presented with ulcerative nodular lesions,generalized weakness and pain. At the time of presentation, the dog was receiving prednisolonefor a presumptive diagnosis of cervical discus hernia. Fine needle aspiration of the nodular lesionsdemonstrated protozoal tachyzoites. Immunohistochemistry confi rmed the diagnosis of Neosporacaninum infection. Clindamycin therapy, together with the withdrawal of immunosuppressivemedication, resulted in complete remission. This report documents the fi rst case of cutaneousneosporosis in Belgium.
Full text: 
pp 59-62
Case report(s)

82 (4) pp 217-224

Title: 
Fragmented coronoid process of the elbow in a 10-year-old Belgian shepherd dog
Author(s): 
C. BRIELS, J. SAUNDERS, K. VERMOTE, I. POLIS, B. VAN RYSSEN
Abstract: 
In this case report, the presence of a fragmented coronoid process in a 10-year-old male Belgian shepherddog is described. The signalment is atypical, since the disease mostly affects young dogs, and it lessfrequently occurs in Belgian shepherd dogs. The dog was presented with unilateral lameness of the leftfront limb, which had gradually worsened in the course of nine months. Further orthopedic and radiographicexaminations revealed a defi nitive diagnosis of a fragmented coronoid process. Except for anabnormal form of the medial coronoid process and severe osteosclerosis, there was only a mild osteoarthrosis,which is not expected in an old dog with a chronic problem. Moreover, it was a unilateral problem,whereas a fragmented coronoid process is frequently presented as a bilateral disorder. Using arthroscopy,the joint was inspected and the loose fragment was successfully removed. Mostly, older animals remainlame after the procedure, but in this case, the procedure yields an obvious clinical improvement, and thedog was clearly improved.
Full text: 
pp 217-224
Case report(s)

82 (4) pp 211-216

Title: 
Traumatic atlanto-occipital subluxation and cranial cervical block vertebrae in a Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)
Author(s): 
E. FRAGA-MANTEIGA, K. EATWELL, S. SMITH, E. MANCINELLI, T. SCHWARZ
Abstract: 
A Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) was evaluated for a balance/equilibrium disorder aftersuffering trauma due to a hard landing during fi tness training. Magnetic resonance imaging andcomputed tomography demonstrated a chronic atlanto-occipital subluxation with craniodorsaldisplacement of the atlas (atlanto-occipital overlapping) causing dynamic brainstem and spinalcord compression and an old malunion fracture with fusion of C1 and C2. The bird was euthanizedbecause of clinical deterioration and poor prognosis.
Full text: 
pp 211-216
Case report(s)

82 (3) pp 151-153

Title: 
Morganella morganii associated bronchointerstitial pneumonia in a guinea pig
Author(s): 
V.VANDENBERGE, V. JASSON, S.VAN DER HEYDEN, P. WATTIAU, S. ROELS
Abstract: 
Morganella morganii was isolated from the lung of a guinea pig. Necropsy revealed hemorrhagic consolidation of the lungs, and histological examination revealed bronchointerstitial pneumonia. M. morganii is a commensal gram-negative bacillus of the intestinal tract of humans, mammals and reptiles. Only few reports of M. morganii associated disease in animals are available in the literature. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the fi rst report of M. morganii associated disease in a guinea pig.
Full text: 
pp 151-153
Case report(s)

82 (3) pp 143-150

Title: 
Ureteral obstruction in a Ragdoll cat caused by calciumoxalate urolithiasis
Author(s): 
N. REINARTZ, H. DE ROOSTER, S. DAMINET, J. H. SAUNDERS, V. BAVEGEMS, K. PIRON, D. PAEPE
Abstract: 
This case report describes a ureteral obstruction in a neutered female Ragdoll cat due to calciumoxalate urolithiasis. The patient was presented with polyuria/polydipsia. Abdominal palpation revealed unilateral renomegaly. Radiography in combination with ultrasonography led to the diagnosis of multiple nefro- and ureteroliths. One calculus caused an obstruction of the distal aspect of the left ureter. Infusion therapy was initiated to decrease the azotemia, to improve the diuresis and to stimulate the passage of the uroliths through the ureters. However, the therapy was not successful, and the obstructing urolith was surgically removed using cystotomy. Quantitative urolith analysis revealed a calciumoxalate composition, and an appropriate diet was initiated. During the following period of approximately one year, the patient had persistent polyuria/polydipsia without azotemia. New non-obstructing calculi in the left ureter were visualized by ultrasonography. Since the patient did not show any clinical signs, the owner decided not to reevaluate the abdomen by medical imaging.
Full text: 
pp 143-150
Case report(s)

82 (3) pp 134-142

Title: 
Necrotizing fasciitis in a dog
Author(s): 
E. ABMA, S. VANDENABEELE, M. CAMPOS, T. BOSMANS, E. STOCK, H. DE ROOSTER
Abstract: 
A 7-year-old male intact Briard was presented with limping, fever and a painful swelling of the left hind leg. Physical examination revealed clinical fi ndings consistent with a state of compensated shock, and demonstrated ecchymosis and an extremely painful edema of the left hind leg. Cytology of the extracellular subcutaneous fl uid revealed large quantities of cocci. A bacteriological culture confi rmed the presence of β-hemolytic streptococci of Lancefi eld group G. Necrotizing fasciitis was diagnosed based on the combination of the clinical fi ndings, the culture results and the surgical fi ndings. Two surgical interventions were performed and large amounts of necrotic and affected tissue were removed. After seven days of intensive treatment, the dog was discharged. Two weeks postoperatively, the dog had fully recovered, regained function of the limb, and the wound was completely healed.
Full text: 
pp 134-142
Case report(s)

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