Case report(s)

English

86 (6) pp 372

Title: 
Osteosynthesis of a mid-diaphysis femoral fracture by using a type I tie-in fixator in a kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae)
Author(s): 
L. GEERINCKX, T. VERBEEK, T. HELLEBUYCK
Abstract: 
In this case report, the successful management of a traumatic fracture of the femur in a kookaburrausing a type I tie-in-fixator (TIF) is described.A domesticated, five-month-old kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae) suffered trauma due to interspeciesaggression. Clinical and radiographic examination showed a closed, multiple transverse, spiralfemoral fracture, located in the mid-diaphysis. Reduction of the fracture was managed using a type ITIF, combining an intra-medullar (IM) pin in combination with an external skeletal fixator. Postoperativeradiographs confirmed an optimal reduction of the fracture and a correct placement of the type ITIF. Recovery was uneventful and correct positioning and normal functioning of the leg were observedimmediately following surgery. One week postoperatively, the bird removed the external fixation butthis did not interfere with the acquired stability and positioning of the affected leg. Two weeks after thesurgery, radiographs confirmed a good healing of the fracture as callus development and bridging ofthe cortices were present. Based on the clinical and radiographic findings, it was decided to remove theIM pin. During a three-month follow-up period, the kookaburra showed full recovery.
Full text: 
pp 372-378
Case report(s)

86 (5) pp 297-302

Title: 
Clinical presentation and magnetic resonance imaging findings in a juvenile dog with unilateral hydrocephalus and presumed periventricular encephalitis
Author(s): 
R. SALGÜERO, I.N. PLESSAS
Abstract: 
A four-month-old English bulldog presented with an acute onset of facial twitching, headtilt and abnormal mentation. Neurological examination was consistent with a multifocal brainlesion. Hematology and biochemistry were unremarkable and MR imaging of the brain revealedmarked enlargement of the left lateral ventricle with associated calvarial enlargement andperiventricular T2W and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) lesions with moderatecontrast enhancement. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis revealed a moderate mixedmononuclear pleocytosis and infectious disease testing returned negative. The diagnosis of leftunilateral internal hydrocephalus and presumed periventricular encephalitis was made. Thepatient was treated with prednisolone and phenobarbitone with successful outcome despitethe poor prognosis. This is the first report of unilateral hydrocephalus and periventricularencephalitis with MR imaging in a dog.
Full text: 
pp 297-302
Case report(s)

86 (5) pp 291-296

Title: 
Acute instability of the nuchal ligament following cervical neuromuscular dysfunction in a dressage horse
Author(s): 
J. BRUNSTING, P. SIMOENS, K. VERRYKEN, S. HAUSPIE, F. PILLE, M. OOSTERLINCK
Abstract: 
A ten-year-old Warmblood dressage gelding was presented with acute instability of thenuchal ligament after paddock turnout. Based on the clinical signs, orthopedic and neurologicexamination, diagnostic imaging and electromyography, cervical neuromuscular dysfunction ofthe M. obliquus capitis caudalis on the right side of the neck was diagnosed. Conservative treatmentincluding steroidal anti-inflammatory medication in combination with oral supplementationwith vitamin B1 and box rest resulted in complete recovery of the horse within six months.
Full text: 
pp 291-296
Case report(s)

2017 - 86 (4)

Title: 
Probable diagnosis of spontaneous hypothyroidism in an adult cat
Author(s): 
H. DE BOSSCHERE, E. KINDERMANS, E. BUELENS, N. GANTOIS
Abstract: 
In this case report, a probable diagnosis of a rare endocrine condition in a cat is described. Aseven-year-old, spayed domestic shorthair presented with lethargy, partial anorexia and postprandialhypersalivation. A decreased activity level and a poor quality haircoat with excessive hair loss haddeveloped over the past six months. A probable diagnosis of acquired hypothyroidism was made afterexclusion of non-thyroidal diseases, decreased serum TT4 and serum fT4 levels and a positive responseto a therapeutic trial with levothyroxine. Nearly two years after the initial diagnosis, the cat was doingwell and was completely free of symptoms.
Full text: 
pp 250-255
Case report(s)

2017 - 86 (4)

Title: 
Titanium mesh reconstruction of a dog’s cranium after multilobular osteochondrosarcoma resection
Author(s): 
A. DIERCKX DE CASTERLÉ, B. VAN GOETHEM, A. KITSHOFF, S.F.M. BHATTI, I. GIELEN, T. BOSMANS, H. DE COCK, H. DE ROOSTER
Abstract: 
An eleven-year-old cavalier King Charles spaniel was presented with a large mass arisingfrom the sagittal crest of the skull. Computed tomography also revealed an intracranial component.A histological diagnosis of multilobular osteochondrosarcoma grade 1 was made from surgicalbiopsies. Since this tumor type has a moderate aggressive biological behavior characterizedby a slow growth, compression of adjacent structures, and only a 30% metastatic rate, surgicalresection was performed. A wide partial craniectomy was performed, the skull defect was reconstructedwith a designated custom designed titanium mesh and the skin defect closed with a localsubdermal plexus flap technique. Histologic evaluation indicated clean surgical margins, whichmay lead to a long-term survival in this low-grade tumor. Approximately seventeen months aftersurgical resection, the dog showed no signs of local tumor recurrence or metastasis.
Full text: 
pp 232-240
Case report(s)

86 (3)

Title: 
Two cases of feline pyothorax: medical versus surgical treatment and associated challenges
Author(s): 
F. GORRIS, S. FAUT, H. DE ROOSTER, E. VANDERVEKENS, T. BOSMANS, S. DAMINET, P. SMETS, D. PAEPE
Abstract: 
Pyothorax is a rare disease in cats. Underlying causes and treatment recommendations varygreatly between cases. In this case series, the management of two challenging cases of felinepyothorax is discussed. In the first case, a nine-year-old female spayed European shorthair catwith pyothorax caused by Bacteroides fragilis is described. At the time of presentation, she wasdiagnosed with feline immunodeficiency virus as well. The pyothorax was succesfully managedmedically. Unfortunately, the cat relapsed after three months and the owner elected euthanasia.The second case involved a ten-year-old male castrated British shorthair cat with identificationof filamentous bacteria on pleural fluid cytology. This cat underwent surgical intervention becausethoracic drainage was very difficult. Eventually, he recovered well and did not relapse upto two months postoperatively. The challenges in the decision process and treatment complicationsare discussed.
Full text: 
pp 162-172
Case report(s)

86 (3) pp 155

Title: 
Surgical treatment of a sublingual sialocele (ranula) in a cat
Author(s): 
W. VERHOEVEN, A. KITSHOFF , N. DEVRIENDT, V. DEHUISSER , H. DE ROOSTER
Abstract: 
In this case report, a seven-year-old, male, castrated European Shorthair diagnosed with a ranula isdescribed. The patient was presented with a sublingual swelling on the right side, which was surgicallytreated with marsupialization and removal of the mandibular and sublingual salivary glands. Histopathologicalexamination confirmed the diagnosis of a ranula and revealed the accidental resection of theright submandibualr lymph nodes. Five months after the operation, no complications or recurrenceswere observed.
Full text: 
pp 155-161
Case report(s)

86 (2) pp 99

Title: 
An unusual case of pheochromocytoma and unruptured abdominal aortic aneurism in a Yorkshire terrier
Author(s): 
B.Á. RODRIGUES, Q.G. GRANGEIRO, C. SCARANTO, G. KONRADT, M.V. BIANCHI, D. DRIEMEIER, J.L.R. RODRIGUES
Abstract: 
A six-year-old, male Yorkshire terrier was presented with acute vomiting, anorexia, depression,watery diarrhea and sudden blindness. On the basis of a transabdominal ultrasonographicexamination, the presence of a prominent aortic aneurysm was established. The aneurysm of theaorta was confirmed at post-mortem examination. Unexpectedly, a pheochromocytoma of theleft adrenal gland was found to be involved with the aneurysm. In this case report, the unusualoccurrence of a large, unruptured abdominal aortic aneurism (AAA) concurrent with a pheochromocytomain a male Yorkshire terrier dog is discussed.
Full text: 
pp 099-104
Case report(s)

85 (2) pp 93

Title: 
Post-grooming furunculosis in a dog
Author(s): 
L. RUTTEN, P. SMETS, S. VANDENABEELE
Abstract: 
A ten-year-old European Shorthair cat was presented with complaints of progressively worseningdyspnea with open-mouth breathing and inspiratory and expiratory stridor. Histopathologicalexamination of a biopsy, collected during tracheoscopy, revealed that the mass was an intraluminaltracheal adenocarcinoma. Computed tomography (CT) revealed no metastases and the excision of thetumor was performed during the same anesthesia. Intravenous premedication was not possible due tothe behavior of the patient and induction of anesthesia was provided using intramuscular injection ofalfaxalone. The maintenance of anesthesia was initially provided by inhalation of isoflurane vaporizedin oxygen using a laryngeal mask and a circle rebreathing system, followed by total intravenousanesthesia (TIVA) with alfaxalone during the actual excision of the tumor. By removal of seventracheal rings, the tumor could be completely removed.
Full text: 
pp 93-98
Case report(s)

86 (2) pp 84

Title: 
Alfaxalone TIVA during surgical excision of a tracheal adenocarcinoma in a cat
Author(s): 
M. DEFLANDRE, T. BOSMANS, N. DEVRIENDT, H. DE ROOSTER, A. VAN CAELENBERG, I. GIELEN, I. POLIS
Abstract: 
A ten-year-old European Shorthair cat was presented with complaints of progressively worseningdyspnea with open-mouth breathing and inspiratory and expiratory stridor. Histopathologicalexamination of a biopsy, collected during tracheoscopy, revealed that the mass was an intraluminaltracheal adenocarcinoma. Computed tomography (CT) revealed no metastases and the excision of thetumor was performed during the same anesthesia. Intravenous premedication was not possible due tothe behavior of the patient and induction of anesthesia was provided using intramuscular injection ofalfaxalone. The maintenance of anesthesia was initially provided by inhalation of isoflurane vaporizedin oxygen using a laryngeal mask and a circle rebreathing system, followed by total intravenousanesthesia (TIVA) with alfaxalone during the actual excision of the tumor. By removal of seventracheal rings, the tumor could be completely removed.
Full text: 
pp 084-092
Case report(s)

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