Case report(s)

English

87 (5) pg 277

Title: 
A BVDV type 2a infection on a Belgian dairy farm
Author(s): 
J. MARIS, J. LAUREYNS, S. SARRAZIN
Abstract: 
In this case report, the course of a bovine viral diarrhea virus infection (BVDV) type 2 in a Belgiandairy herd is described. Within a period of fourteen days, seventeen adult dairy cows died of acute diarrheaand dehydration. A BVDV infection was suspected from the beginning but this suspicion couldnot be confirmed by testing. Only during the next thirty-four months at different time points, BVDVtype 2a could be identified.
Full text: 
pp 277-282
Case report(s)

87 (5) pg 271-276

Title: 
Patent ductus arteriosus and pulmonic stenosis in a Labrador retriever
Author(s): 
S. VESTER, S. PIL, V. LIEKENS, B. VAN GOETHEM, A. BINETTI, J. SAUNDERS, P. SMETS
Abstract: 
A three-month-old, female, entire, Labrador retriever was presented after being referred becauseof a suspected congenital heart disorder. The dog did not show any symptoms, but on clinical examination,there was a loud continuous heart murmur with a thrill present (grade 5 out of 6), located atthe left heart base. Echocardiographic examination revealed the presence of a patent ductus arteriosus(PDA) and pulmonic stenosis (PS). One and a half month after initial presentation, the PDA was surgicallyclosed. The PS was treated with the ß-blocker atenolol and followed up to evaluate the responseto therapy and the potential need for a balloon valvuloplasty. This case demonstrates the necessity ofa qualitative and complete echocardiographic evaluation in young dogs with a heart murmur. Even ifthe cause of the heart murmur can easily be identified, in the present case patent ductus arteriosus, it isimportant to screen for additional abnormalities, as in this case pulmonic stenosis.
Full text: 
pp 271-276
Case report(s)

87 (5) pg 263

Title: 
Anesthesia in a horse with diaphragmatic hernia
Author(s): 
A.J.H.C. MICHIELSEN, A. BINETTI, J. BRUNSTING, F. GASTHUYS, S. SCHAUVLIEGE
Abstract: 
An eight-year-old Thoroughbred mare was presented with acute colic symptoms. Clinicaland ultrasonographic examination revealed a suspicion of diaphragmatic hernia, which wasconfirmed during an emergency midline laparotomy performed the same day. Patients withdiaphragmatic hernia pose a challenge for the surgeon and the anesthesiologist, because of thedisturbed function of the diaphragm and the displacement of the abdominal organs into the thoraciccavity. Achieving optimal ventilation and oxygenation without causing damage to the lungsis not simple. In this case, assisted-controlled, intermittent positive pressure ventilation with alow tidal volume, low pressure and relatively high respiratory rate was applied. Alongside thedifficulties during ventilation, the patient was cardiovascularly compromised. Due to the extentand position of the hernia, euthanasia was performed after obtaining the owner’s consent duringsurgery.
Full text: 
pp 263-270
Case report(s)

87 (4) pp 220

Title: 
Multifocal osteomyelitis and abdominal abscessation in a warmblood foal
Author(s): 
L. RASMUSSEN, K. VANDERPERREN, E. PAULUSSEN, G. VAN LOON, J. H. SAUNDERS, E. RAES
Abstract: 
To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report, in which a simultaneous occurrence ofSalmonella-associated multifocal osteomyelitis and intra-abdominal abscessation in a foalpresenting with weight loss, diarrhea and fever is described. No evidence of failure of passiveimmune transfer had been present at birth. Radiographic examination revealed multifocal type Posteomyelitis. Bacterial culture of synovial fluid revealed a Salmonella spp. Antibiotic treatmentwas adjusted based on the sensitivity results; however without clinical improvement. The foaldeveloped abscess formations within the left femoral region, and finally a Salter Harris type Ifracture of the left femur. Euthanasia was elected based on this finding. Post-mortem computedtomography revealed a large mass within the caudal abdomen that extended into the left pelvicand hind limb region, as well as multifocal osteomyelitis.Pathological examination identified the mass as a large abscess with multiple fistula tracts.Salmonella spp. was additionally cultured post mortem.
Full text: 
pp 220-227
Case report(s)

87 (4) pp 216

Title: 
Atypical junctional melanocytoma with pagetoid spreading in a young horse
Author(s): 
L. SONCK, M. HASPENSLAGH, R. DUCATELLE
Abstract: 
Melanocytic tumors are commonly encountered neoplasms in horses. In this case report, an atypicalcase of a melanocytoma in an almost five-year-old Andalusian horse is described. Histopathologicalexamination showed a striking epidermal component consisting of multifocal to miliary nests ofepitheloid cells, which were spread discontinuously in all layers of the epidermis, including the outerroot sheath of the hair follicles. This phenomenon is called pagetoid spreading or buckshot pattern andis a feature of multiple human neoplasms, among which are melanomas, Paget disease and Bowen’sdisease. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first case report to describe pagetoid spreading in anequine melanocytic tumor.
Full text: 
pp 216-219
Case report(s)

87 (4) pp 207

Title: 
Diabetes mellitus and hypercortisolism in a cat
Author(s): 
E. ODENT, S. MARYNISSEN, E. STOCK, S. VANDENABEELE, I. VAN DE MAELE, S. DAMINET
Abstract: 
A fourteen-year-old Persian cat was referred because of poorly controlled diabetes mellitusdespite insulin and dietary treatment. Clinical signs were severe polydipsia/polyuria (pupd),poor hair coat quality, stomatitis and hind limb weakness. At the time of initial presentation, hewas treated with glargine insulin (0,75 IU/kg BID). A low dose dexamethasone suppression test(LDDST) revealed hypercortisolism (HC). The cat was additionally treated with trilostane, andremission of diabetes mellitus was obtained one year later.This case illustrates the importance of diagnosing an underlying cause of poorly controlleddiabetes mellitus. Although hypercortisolism is rare in cats, it is important to consider the diseasein these cases. The hypercortisolism in this cat was efficiently managed with trilostane, resultingin a good quality of life.
Full text: 
pp 207-215
Case report(s)

87 (5) pp 201

Title: 
Diagnosis and treatment of lumbosacral vertebral instability caused by discospondylitis in a dog
Author(s): 
E. ROYAUX, S. GUILHERME
Abstract: 
A ten-month-old, female canine crossbreed of 40 kg was referred for episodes of severepain non-responsive to analgesics. Neurological examination revealed pain on palpation of thelumbosacral region and non-weight bearing pelvic limb lameness, which was attributed to pain.Discospondylitis at L7-S1 was diagnosed based on radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging.Blood and urine culture were positive for Staphylococcus spp.. Despite ten days of conservativetreatment, the dog did not show any improvement. Dynamic radiographs revealed a vertebralsubluxation of L7-S1 in flexion. Surgery consisting of a dorsal laminectomy and stabilizationof L7-S1 was performed. This resulted in a fast and complete recovery. Follow-up radiographsat six and twelve months after diagnosis showed severe osteolytic changes affecting L7. Despitethese findings, the dog remained clinically normal.
Full text: 
pp 201-206
Case report(s)

87 (3) pp 143

Title: 
Mycobacterial conjunctival granuloma in a Scaly-sided merganser (Mergus squamatus)
Author(s): 
B. GEBOERS, A. GARMYN, T. HELLEBUYCK, R. HAESENDONCK, L. BOSSELER, R. DUCATELLE, G. ANTONISSEN
Abstract: 
A five-year-old, female scaly-sided merganser was presented with a chronic recurrent conjunctivitisof the left eye. Physical examination showed a caseous nodular lesion at the palpebral conjunctiva associatedwith excessive tearing. Necropsy revealed caseous necrotic debris at the left conjunctiva andinfra-orbital sinus, but also multiple granuloma in several internal organs. Histological examinationshowed granulomatous splenitis, hepatitis, arteritis, fibrinonecrotic enteritis and conjunctivitis, andalso amyloidosis of liver and spleen. Bacterial and molecular tests of a conjunctival swab in the liveanimal showed the presence of a multiresistant Escherichia coli strain and Chlamydia psittaci, respectively.These bacteria had only a secondary pathogenic role. No premortem cytological examinationor Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) staining of the histological section of the conjunctiva biopt or additional tests,such as blood test and radiographs, were performed. Finally, a Mycobacterium avium infection of theconjunctiva and internal organs was confirmed following necropsy by ZN staining and PCR analysis.Local and systemic antimicrobial treatments with fluoroquinolones, tetracyclines and aminoglycosideswere unsuccessful.
Full text: 
pp143-149
Case report(s)

87 (3) pp 139

Title: 
Microsporum gypseum infection in a horse with severe sweet itch
Author(s): 
F. BOYEN, P. VAN ROOIJ, L. VANSTALLEN, B. FLAHOU, F. HAESEBROUCK
Abstract: 
In a horse with severe sweet itch and a history of corticosteroid treatment for this disorder,a single, well-circumscribed and crusty white lesion was present on the thigh. The geophilicdermatophyte species M. gypseum was cultured from the lesion. The lesion was treated topicallyonce a week with an enilconazole emulsion for four weeks. Full recovery was noted after twomonths. This case suggests that sweet itch combined with systemic corticosteroid treatment, mayact as predisposing factor for dermatophyte infection. In addition, the importance of correctisolation and identification of the causal agent is highlighted.
Full text: 
pp 139-142
Case report(s)

87 (3) pp 134

Title: 
Successful management of a solitary simple renal cyst in a dog
Author(s): 
R. VAN DYCK, C. FINA, E. BURESOVA, D. PAEPE, H. DE WILDE, S. DAMINET
Abstract: 
In this report, a dog is described that was referred to the Small Animal Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (Ghent University) for further work-up and treatment of a solitary renal cyst. The cyst was treated successfully with ultrasound-guided drainage and percutaneous sclerotherapy. The dog was followed-up during twenty-four months post procedure with renal sonography. The complaints of intermittent lethargy disappeared after the first treatment. The ultrasonographic appearance of the cyst evolved from a round, anechoic, sharply demarcated lesion to an ill-defined, hyperechoic lesion.
Full text: 
pp 134-138
Case report(s)

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