2013 - 82 (3)

Volume 82 (2013), nr.3

82 (3) pp 163-168

Title: 
Q & A
Author(s): 
-
Abstract: 
No abstract
Full text: 
pp 163-168
Question and answer

82 (3) pp 155-161

Title: 
Longlobtorsie bij de hond (Dutch)
Author(s): 
Y. BAEUMLIN, V. BAVEGEMS, H. DE ROOSTER
Abstract: 
Abstract only in Dutch.
Full text: 
pp 155-161
Continuing professional development

82 (3) pp 151-153

Title: 
Morganella morganii associated bronchointerstitial pneumonia in a guinea pig
Author(s): 
V.VANDENBERGE, V. JASSON, S.VAN DER HEYDEN, P. WATTIAU, S. ROELS
Abstract: 
Morganella morganii was isolated from the lung of a guinea pig. Necropsy revealed hemorrhagic consolidation of the lungs, and histological examination revealed bronchointerstitial pneumonia. M. morganii is a commensal gram-negative bacillus of the intestinal tract of humans, mammals and reptiles. Only few reports of M. morganii associated disease in animals are available in the literature. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the fi rst report of M. morganii associated disease in a guinea pig.
Full text: 
pp 151-153
Case report(s)

82 (3) pp 143-150

Title: 
Ureteral obstruction in a Ragdoll cat caused by calciumoxalate urolithiasis
Author(s): 
N. REINARTZ, H. DE ROOSTER, S. DAMINET, J. H. SAUNDERS, V. BAVEGEMS, K. PIRON, D. PAEPE
Abstract: 
This case report describes a ureteral obstruction in a neutered female Ragdoll cat due to calciumoxalate urolithiasis. The patient was presented with polyuria/polydipsia. Abdominal palpation revealed unilateral renomegaly. Radiography in combination with ultrasonography led to the diagnosis of multiple nefro- and ureteroliths. One calculus caused an obstruction of the distal aspect of the left ureter. Infusion therapy was initiated to decrease the azotemia, to improve the diuresis and to stimulate the passage of the uroliths through the ureters. However, the therapy was not successful, and the obstructing urolith was surgically removed using cystotomy. Quantitative urolith analysis revealed a calciumoxalate composition, and an appropriate diet was initiated. During the following period of approximately one year, the patient had persistent polyuria/polydipsia without azotemia. New non-obstructing calculi in the left ureter were visualized by ultrasonography. Since the patient did not show any clinical signs, the owner decided not to reevaluate the abdomen by medical imaging.
Full text: 
pp 143-150
Case report(s)

82 (3) pp 134-142

Title: 
Necrotizing fasciitis in a dog
Author(s): 
E. ABMA, S. VANDENABEELE, M. CAMPOS, T. BOSMANS, E. STOCK, H. DE ROOSTER
Abstract: 
A 7-year-old male intact Briard was presented with limping, fever and a painful swelling of the left hind leg. Physical examination revealed clinical fi ndings consistent with a state of compensated shock, and demonstrated ecchymosis and an extremely painful edema of the left hind leg. Cytology of the extracellular subcutaneous fl uid revealed large quantities of cocci. A bacteriological culture confi rmed the presence of β-hemolytic streptococci of Lancefi eld group G. Necrotizing fasciitis was diagnosed based on the combination of the clinical fi ndings, the culture results and the surgical fi ndings. Two surgical interventions were performed and large amounts of necrotic and affected tissue were removed. After seven days of intensive treatment, the dog was discharged. Two weeks postoperatively, the dog had fully recovered, regained function of the limb, and the wound was completely healed.
Full text: 
pp 134-142
Case report(s)

82 (3) pp 125-133

Title: 
Fowl adenovirus infections in Belgian broilers: a ten-year survey
Author(s): 
P. DE HERDT, T. TIMMERMAN, P. DEFOORT, K. LYCKE, R. JASPERS
Abstract: 
Anthelmintic resistance of parasites in small ruminants, cattle and horses is increasing worldwide as a consequence of the over usage of the currently available products. In Belgium, Cooperia oncophora is the most common cattle nematode in which resistance, especially against macrocyclic lactones, occurs. Once resistance has been diagnosed, a change to another drug with a different mode of action is advised. However, effective anthelmintics will be hardly available in the near future. Therefore, it is important that farmers and veterinarians find a balance between achieving good parasite control and the sustainability of their control strategies. In this way, anthelmintic resistance may be delayed, and the effectiveness of anthelmintic drugs may be prolonged. This requires sensitive detection tools. With a sensitive detection technique, anthelmintic resistance can be diagnosed in a very early stage. Hence, the spread of resistance alleles in the parasite population may be prevented. In this review, different diagnostic assays for the detection of anthelmintic resistance are discussed, an overview is given of the current status of anthelmintic resistance in Belgian cattle, and measures are suggested to avoid or delay the development of anthelmintic resistance.
Full text: 
pp 125-133
Original article(s)

82 (3) pp 113-123

Title: 
Anthelmintic resistance of gastrointestinal cattle nematodes
Author(s): 
J. DE GRAEF, E. CLAEREBOUT, P. GELDHOF
Abstract: 
Anthelmintic resistance of parasites in small ruminants, cattle and horses is increasing worldwide as a consequence of the over usage of the currently available products. In Belgium, Cooperia oncophora is the most common cattle nematode in which resistance, especially against macrocyclic lactones, occurs. Once resistance has been diagnosed, a change to another drug with a different mode of action is advised. However, effective anthelmintics will be hardly available in the near future. Therefore, it is important that farmers and veterinarians find a balance between achieving good parasite control and the sustainability of their control strategies. In this way, anthelmintic resistance may be delayed, and the effectiveness of anthelmintic drugs may be prolonged. This requires sensitive detection tools. With a sensitive detection technique, anthelmintic resistance can be diagnosed in a very early stage. Hence, the spread of resistance alleles in the parasite population may be prevented. In this review, different diagnostic assays for the detection of anthelmintic resistance are discussed, an overview is given of the current status of anthelmintic resistance in Belgian cattle, and measures are suggested to avoid or delay the development of anthelmintic resistance.
Full text: 
pp 113-123
Review(s)

82 (3) pp 103-122

Title: 
Applications of ultrasound in veterinary medicine
Author(s): 
L. MOSSELMANS, Y. SAMOY, P. VERLEYEN, P. HERBOTS, B. VAN RYSSEN
Abstract: 
The therapeutic use of ultrasound in human medicine is known to have a positive effect on the healing of tissue and bone. Therefore, ultrasound has been frequently applied in patients with a bone fracture (e.g. Exogen®). In veterinary medicine, several studies have been performed to investigate the effect of ultrasound on bone healing. Although the healing time in several patients was shortened after the application of ultrasound, the technique is currently not routinely applied in cases of delayed or non-union. The literature and the already performed experiments with ultrasound in veterinary medicine are reviewed in this article. The mechanism of action of ultrasound during the various phases of tissue and bone healing are described. Since the interest in physical therapy is increasing, the technique will probably be applied more frequently in companion animals in the near future.
Full text: 
pp 103-122
Review(s)