87 (2) pp 66

Title: 
Trypanosoma equiperdum in the horse – a neglected threat?
Author(s): 
Y. AHMED, A. HAGOS, B. MERGA, A. VAN SOOM, L. DUCHATEAU, B.M. GODDEERIS, J. GOVAERE
Abstract: 

Dourine is a contagious disease caused by Trypanosoma equiperdum that is transmitteddirectly from animal to animal during coitus. Dourine is known as an important disease in manycountries, and it threatens equidae worldwide. It is reported to be widespread in South America,Eastern Europe, Russia, Mongolia, Namibia and Ethiopia. The disease can be carried to variousparts of the world through the transportation of infected animals and semen. Since knowledgeof the prepatent infectiousness of a recently infected animal is lacking, introduction of thedisease is in principle an ever-present threat. Definitive diagnosis depends on the identificationof the parasite by means of direct microscopy. This is rarely possible in practice and therefore,diagnosis in the field is based on the observation of typical clinical signs, together with serologicaltests. This paper is an endeavour to review briefly and compile information on the appearanceand importance of Dourine in terms of its epidemiological and clinical features, as well as on itsdiagnosis, treatment and prognosis.

Full text: 
pp 66-75
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