86 (3) pp 183

Title: 
Pyothorax in cats and dogs
Author(s): 
F. GORRIS, S. FAUT, S. DAMINET, H. DE ROOSTER, J. H. SAUNDERS, D. PAEPE
Abstract: 

Pyothorax, or thoracic empyema, is an infection of the pleural space, characterized by theaccumulation of purulent exudate. It is a life-threatening emergency in dogs as well as in cats,with a guarded prognosis. Dyspnea and/or tachypnea, anorexia and lethargy are the mosttypical clinical signs. Diagnosis is usually straightforward, based on the clinical symptomscombined with pleural fluid analysis, including cytology and bacterial culture. Most commonly,oropharyngeal flora is isolated in the pleural fluid. Treatment can be medical or surgical, butneeds to be immediate and aggressive. In this article, an overview of the various causes of bothfeline and canine pyothorax with its similarities and differences is provided. Epidemiology,symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis are discussed.

Full text: 
pp 183-197
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